Craniofacial syndromes refer to a pediatric condition where a child presents with one or more abnormalities to the face and/or the head. This condition can happen when the soft plates of a baby’s skull close too soon, or in an unusual way, typically resulting in disfigurement or unusual facial appearances. Craniofacial syndromes can also result from other abnormal growth patterns of the face or skull, disease, or trauma.
There are numerous different craniofacial syndromes, the most common of which include Crouzon, Apert, Pfeiffer, Muenke, and Saethre-Chotzen syndromes. Each syndrome has a different set of potential complications, requiring a unique approach to surgical management. The expert pediatric neurosurgeons at BSSNY have knowledge and experience in treating even the most challenging craniofacial abnormalities.
After examination and imaging, we may recommend surgery to correct the physical formation of the cranial and facial bones and maximize the function for the child. Often the pediatric neurosurgeon will perform the surgery in conjunction with a pediatric craniofacial plastic surgeon.
BSSNY’s pediatric neurosurgeons are fellowship-trained and fluent in endoscopic approaches to these kinds of restoration surgeries, which can provide a simpler technique that may minimize blood loss, complications, and recovery time. With these types of endoscopic procedures, there is typically minimal scarring.