Most children probably won’t need treatment with a brace or surgery because their curves are not significant. However, they may need checkups every four to six months to gauge whether any changes have occurred. If spine curvature is significant, surgery or a brace may be recommended to correct the curve and to keep it from progressing.
Scoliosis progresses with time, so adults with scoliosis typically have more symptoms than adolescents due to degeneration in discs and joints. However, most adult scoliosis can be managed with simple non-surgical measures that include strengthening exercises, braces, and over-the-counter pain relievers. When surgery is indicated, however, procedures can include:
- Surgical stabilization
- Vertebral column resection